United Advocates

Tokenizing Real Estate

The concept of tokenizing real estate has gained significant traction in recent years. By leveraging blockchain technology, property owners and investors can now benefit from a more efficient and accessible way to invest in real estate assets. This guide will explore the process of tokenizing real estate from a legal point of view.

Step 1: Property Selection and Valuation for Tokenizing Real Estate

To begin tokenizing real estate, you must first choose a suitable property and conduct a thorough valuation. This assessment determines the fair market value of the property, which is essential for setting the value of the digital tokens to be issued.

Step 2: Establishing a Legal Structure and Ensuring Compliance

Consult with legal experts to establish a compliant legal structure for the tokenization process, United Advocates’ corporate and commercial team can provide assistance in this matter. This step may involve setting up a special purpose vehicle (SPV) or other legal entities to hold the property title and issue the tokens. Ensure compliance with local and international regulations governing the tokenization of real estate assets.

Step 3: Conducting Due Diligence on the Property

Perform comprehensive due diligence on the property, including background checks, property inspections, and verifying the property’s legal status, ownership history, and any encumbrances, such as liens or mortgages. This step is crucial in ensuring the legitimacy of the property being tokenized, it is recommended to engage with legal and accounting professionals for this step as there may be extensive research required to ensure investor safety.

Step 4: Token Creation for Real Estate Tokenization

Create a smart contract on a blockchain platform that represents the property and the tokens. This smart contract defines the rules governing the ownership, transfer, and management of the tokens.

Step 5: Launching a Token Offering

Plan and execute a token offering (e.g., security token offering or STO) to sell the tokens to potential investors. Market and promote the token offering to attract investors interested in tokenized real estate investments.

This step will require compliance with the relevant laws in place in the country of offering, in the UAE, the primary regulators of securities is the Securities and Commodities Authority (SCA), however, financial free zones such as ADGM and DIFC have separate regulatory bodies, the Financial Services Regulatory Authority (FSRA) and the Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA) respectively.

Step 6: Performing KYC/AML Checks

Perform Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) checks on all potential investors before allowing them to participate in the token offering. This step helps ensure compliance with regulatory requirements.

Step 7: Token Distribution for Tokenized Real Estate

Once the token offering is completed and all KYC/AML checks are done, distribute the tokens to the investors’ blockchain wallets. This step marks the successful completion of the real estate tokenization process.

Step 8: Enabling Secondary Market Trading

Enable trading of the tokens on secondary markets, such as cryptocurrency exchanges or decentralized trading platforms, to provide liquidity and price discovery for the tokens. This feature is a key advantage of tokenizing real estate assets.

Step 9: Ongoing Reporting and Compliance for Tokenized Real Estate

Ensure ongoing compliance with regulations, including financial reporting, tax filings, and auditing the financial records. This step is crucial to maintain the legitimacy and viability of tokenized real estate investments.


Understanding how to tokenize real estate can open provide new investment opportunities and make the real estate market more accessible to a wider range of investors. The steps outlined in this guide are a basic guide in how you can tokenize real estate assets through leveraging the benefits of blockchain technology.